Only motorcycle helmets with ECE 22.05 approval are road-legal on European roads
The ECE regulation #22 applies to motorcycle helmets licensed to be road-legal on European roads. The regulation establishes the “uniform provisions concerning the approval of protective helmets and their visors for drivers and passengers of motor cycles and mopeds”. The regulation is in its 5th revision. That is why it is now most frequently referred to as “ECE 22.05”.
WHAT THE ECE 22.05 STICKER SHOWS
Regulation ECE 22 requires every motorcycle helmet to bear a sticker sewn into or onto the retention system (aka: ‘the chinstrap’). This sticker shows the homologation mark, the homologation number, and the production serial number. These are the most important features.
The homologation mark is shown in a circle: The uppercase “E” followed by a number identifies the country that tested for and granted the homologation. For example: E3 is the mark found on helmets approved in Italy and is therefore often found on AGV helmets. It is important to note that E-mark approval is a financial questions, so a helmet manufacturer varies approval institutions and countries depending on cost, and there is no link between the approval country and the manufacturing country. As long as the approval institution can grant an E-mark approval, the helmet is road-legal throughout Europe (the EAA countries that have subscribed to the regulations) plus over 20 non-European countries that have also adopted the regulation.
Below the E-mark there are two numbers: The left number is the homologation number, where the first two digits stand for the “amendment” under which the helmet model has been approved (05 represents the fifth amendment to regulation #22); the right number is the production serial number of the item. For the visor it is a little simpler and it is enough to only show embossed on the visor the E-mark and the homologation number.
4 things to know about ECE 22.05 stickers
An ECE 22.05 E-Mark label is required for your helmet to be road-legal on European roads
The E-Mark has replaced the BSI kite mark in the U.K.
You will find the E-Mark label sewn into the chin strap of your helmet
The digits after the ‘E’ identify the country where the helmet model was tested and ECE 22.05 approved
THE E-MARK TYPE APPROVALS
The letter in the middle between the two numbers shows the type approval:
- “J” if the helmet does not have a lower face cover (“jet-style helmet”)
- “P” if the helmet has a protective lower face cover (“full-face helmet”)
- “NP” if the helmet has a non-protective lower face cover
Some “flip-front” helmets are both “J” and “P” approved, meaning they are tested under the rules of both the “jet” and the fully “protective” type approvals. What it means to you is that those (and only those) flip-front helmets can be ridden with either the chin piece raised up or the chin piece lowered & locked in position.
THE MAIN APPROVAL COUNTRIES BY E-MARK
- E1: Germany
- E2: France
- E3: Italy
- E4: the Netherlands
- E5: Sweden
- E6: Belgium
- E7: Hungary
- E8: Czech Republic
- E9: Spain
- E10: Yugoslavia
- E11: United Kingdom
- E12: Austria
- E13: Luxembourg
- E14: Switzerland
- E16: Norway
NOT ALL ECE 22.05 STICKERS ARE EASY TO FIND
While the above large photo shows a Shark Helmet ECE 22.05 sticker sewn prominently to the neck strap, some manufacturers make it harder to find the sticker and see the information. It does not mean it’s not there, you just need to look a little harder 🙂